Viniyog Parivar Trust Is An NGO Working Under The ‘‘Jain Sangh”
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Bullocks – The Real Protector Of Mankind

There is no real peace and happiness unless one submits to religion. Our Vedas believe that the bullocks symbolise religion and they work very hard for the welfare, happiness and peace of the entire living world.
Vedas consider the bullock as an incarnation of religion and the cow as the mother of the entire universe. A bullock is considered 10 times precious than cow. The Vedas have said that gifting away a well grown young bullock is equivalent to gifting away 10 cows.

The Officers, the Clerks or the Workers working in Govt. Dept. or private sector or public sector demand wages or salary in return for their work. They get increments also at fixed intervals. Their working hours as well as nature of duties are also fixed. If they work beyond working hours they get overtime also. They also have benefits of provident fund, gratuity, free insurance and free medical aid. They also get dearness allowance and free medical treatments as well as compensation if they are injured while on duty.

They also get weekly off, holidays on festival days, sick leave and privilege leave with pay. Besides they get bonus too. On top of all these, if their demands for pay rise, D.A. rise or more bonus are not accepted they resort to strike also. More often than not, these strikes get converted into violent riots in which national property worth crores of rupees is damaged or destroyed, hundreds of people get injured and sometime a few persons die also.

On the other hand over 7.44 crores bullocks work in our fields, on our roads, in the oil ghanis, sugar cane crushing, flour mills, on the well for drawing water and they work day and night in all these spheres.

They work under the burning sun as also in freezing cold. They work in torrential rain as also in the dead darkness of the night. They work continuously for the welfare, happiness, conven­ience and peace of the mankind.

Bullocks do not have fixed working hours. They do not get over­time for additional work. They do not have facilities like Provi­dent Fund or gratuity. They do not demand more food. They do not protest if they are not fully fed. They are satisfied with 7 Kg. of grass and 3 Kg. of animal feed. Except for limited food for their sustenance and drinking water, they do not demand anything else. They do not demand Privilege Leave, Provident Fund, Dear­ness Allowance or Bonus etc. They do not resist additional work and they never strike work.

And in return of such meagre wages they produce for us farm produce worth hundreds of crores of rupees. They help in trans­porting 250 crore tons of material. By helping in the transport sector they help us in controlling the expenditure of thousands of crores of rupees on diesel and that too in foreign exchange.

The bullocks crush lakhs of tons of sugarcane and oil seeds. They plough our lands. They help us in sowing and also in threshing foodgrains when they ripe.

They help in drawing water from well for irrigating the farms. Whenever there is sudden snowfall during the middle of night the farm has to be irrigated to save the crop. What if the pump is out of order or the supply of electricity is not available at that hour. What else can happen except destruction of the crop ? But a bullock is always available in such a crisis. It might have gone to sleep after a full day’s hard labour. Still it will be again ready to work even in the middle of the night on a mere call from the farmer, and without any resistance whatsoever it will start pulling the water bucket from the well, start irrigating the land and thus perform the herculean task of saving the crop for man­kind. For this additional work he does not demand any wages. He does not observe a holiday on the following day nor does he demand any bonus at the end of the year.

On the contrary, instead of asking for a bonus, he gives us a bonus in the form of its dung and urine. He does not envy when we earn prosperity worth crores of rupees out of such bonus.

In return of our feeding the bullocks or the bull or even say a calf, they toil hard for us and perform so many tasks for us.

When we feed a cow or a buffalo they yield milk in return of such food and in proportion of such food and also yield young calves. Thus there is proper give and take in case of these animals. 

Still, in addition they give us the bonus of their dung and urine. This bonus helps us in preserving and protecting our religion, our culture and prosperity, our health and our social organisation.

The authors of Mahabharat have valued cow not for its milk but for its dung. The goddess of wealth i.e. ‘Laxmi’ reside in dung. Prosperity comes with the help of dung and not with the help of milk.

However, the western thinking has lead us on a wrong path. It has made us forget dung and pay attention only to milk.

Our culture has never acknowledged cow and its milk as items of merchandise. On the contrary, it is considered to be a sin. However, under the influence of Western education we have started considering cow as a dairy animal and it has become an object of slaughter for trading.

The Vedic religion has considered cow as an animal which cannot be killed. However, it is a mistake if only cow is considered as an animal not to be killed. Cow means not only cow, but the entire cow family. Thus the vedic religion has considered the entire cow family as not to be killed.

The Vedas have also considered bullock as more important than cow and hence it has also laid down some rules for extracting work from a bullock in such a way that it is not unnecessarily tor­tured. For example, a plough should have 8 bullocks to work with. Thus a pair of 2 bullocks should be worked for 2 hours and then the pair should be changed. The Vedic religion does not permit ex­tracting work from a pair of bullocks for more than 2 hours. Similarly, there are guidelines for using the bullocks in bullock carts or in pulling water from well. The Vedic religion is care­ful to ensure that the bullock is never over worked.

Lord Shankara has made bullock his mode of conveyance or vehicle and provided protection to it. The bullock has been given place in the flag of Lord Shankara and one of the name of Lord Shankara is “Vrishabh Dhwaj’. Lord Shankara’s abode is on Kailash Mountain which is the highest peak in the world. By making his seat on such high place and by hoisting his flag at such a place, the Lord has installed the bullock also on the highest pedestal.

As Vedas have given more importance to the dung of a cow, than to its milk, similarly the evaluation of a bullock is also based on the dung given by it and not because of its capacity of hard work. Unfortunately, under the influence of Western education, we tend to evaluate the importance of bullock by its capacity to work and thus we have degraded its importance by ignoring its contribution by way of dung and urine. By ignoring the social structure and organisation prescribed by age-old Vedic religion, which had kept animal dung at its centre and instead making the milk yielding capacity and working capacity of these animals as the parameter to gauge their importance we have devalued our animal wealth.

As a result, now the animals have to prove themselves on the economical viability test and by failing in such test they are becoming fit for slaughter. By slaughtering the animals the supply of dung has been disrupted and there is now scarcity of dung. Scarcity of dung means dis-integration of prosperity and with this dis-integration of prosperity the entire population is suffering from unemployment, poverty, sickness and starvation.

Today the animals die not only by slaughter. They also die due to starvation and thirst. Owners of animals who cannot see their animals dying due to hunger and thirst, sell them to the slaughter houses. The slaughter of bullocks has resulted in an almost total extinction of bulls. Our country needs 30 lac healthy bulls. Instead, we have only 3.9 lac weak and inefficient bulls. As a result, due to non-availability of bulls at proper times out of 5.64 crores cows in our country about 3.14 crore have become infertile. Thus there will be no further addition to the cow families from these 3 crore cows. Even without slaughter we will loose 30 crore calves which would have been born to these 3 crore cows and thus our animal wealth will get destroyed. 

The cow family cannot be saved by enacting legislation alone. If it is to be saved;

1) We have to realise and acknowledge the importance of dung.
2) We will have to add to our grazing land.
3) We will have to stop crushing the cotton seeds and instead use them as feed
4) We have to revive Khadi and village industries.
5) We will have to change our agricultural policy.

-  By Late Shri Venishankar M. Vasu